download ebook citoyenneté, république et démocratie en france pdf epub

Jacques-Olivier Boudon

Le XIXe siècle a été en France le siècle de l’avènement républicain, en même temps que celui de l’affirmation d’une démocratie libérale et laïque. À la fin du siècle, au moment où la crise née de l’affaire Dreyfus permet la consolidation de la République, les Républicains ont pleinement pris en compte l’héritage de la Révolution française qui, dès la Déclaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen du 26 août 1789, a posé les bases du fonctionnement de la démocratie. Pourtant au cours des décennies qui suivirent, la France a fait l’expérience de trois types de régimes différents, monarchie constitutionnelle, césarisme démocratique, république. Ce dernier modèle finit par s’imposer au terme d’un processus qui est aussi le fruit d’un compromis, notamment sur le terrain institutionnel. Il s’appuie sur deux piliers principaux : le suffrage universel masculin et l’affirmation des libertés rendant possible l’exercice de vie politique au sein d’une démocratie. Démocratie qui exclut encore les femmes, mais aussi les populations nouvellement intégrées à l’Empire colonial, omissions qui posent précisément les limites du modèle républicain français.

download ebook la france dans l\'europe du xixe siècle pdf epub

David Delpech,Stella Rollet

Cette synthèse est centrée sur la France du XIXe siècle mais est abordée dans une dimension résolument européenne (rôle de la France dans les relations internationales et point de vue comparatiste avec les autres pays d'Europe. Ce manuel est divisé en quatre parties. Les auteurs se démarquent de leurs concurrents en faisant débuter la première partie en 1804 (proclamation de l'Empire, rédaction du Code civil) au lieu de 1815 (congrès de Vienne), ceci afin de ramener l'épisode napoléonien dans son siècle et ne pas en faire un épilogue de la période révolutionnaire : 1804-1815 pour la première partie, puis 1815-1848 (du congrès de Vienne à la proclamation de la Deuxième République) ; 1848-1871 (Deuxième République-Commune) ; 1871-1914 (IIIe République-Première Guerre mondiale). Ce découpage chronologique en quatre parties s'appuie sur les grandes ruptures dans une perspective transnationale. Les aspects méthodologiques sont au coeur de cet ouvrage destiné à faire le lien entre les techniques enseignées dans le Secondaire et les attentes du Supérieur. Chaque chapitre offrira donc : courte bibliographie, documents originaux et commentés, plan de dissertation détaillé insistant sur le "savoir-faire", liste de date-repères, courtes biographies des acteurs principaux, principales notions-clés définies de façon claire et concise, synthèse sous forme de schéma mental (tel que les manuels du Secondaire en proposent aux élèves de collèges et lycées). Un atlas en quadrichromie, deux index (noms propres, notions), une bibliographie générale et une chronologie complètent ce manuel.

download ebook la politique en france - xixe - xxe siècles pdf epub

Dominique Borne,Hubert Néant

Véritable encyclopédie d’histoire politique, ce livre est organisé autour de grandes entrées thématiques (les régimes, les courants politiques, les élections, les assemblées, l’exécutif et l’État, les régions, les partis, les groupes de pression et les médias). Chacune d’elles offre une synthèse sur deux siècles d’histoire et comporte une série de définitions ou la présentation des dates-clés, nécessaires à la compréhension du sujet. L’ouvrage associe les grands textes constitutionnels, l’étude des régimes politiques et celle des forces qui s’inscrivent dans la construction politique de notre pays depuis le début du xixe siècle. L’histoire vient ainsi renforcer l’analyse institutionnelle et politique. Riche en cartes et en schémas, en documents et en biographies, cette introduction rigoureuse et concrète à la vie politique française s’adresse aux élèves des classes préparatoires et des Instituts d’études politiques, comme aux étudiants en histoire et en droit. Hubert Néant est agrégé d’histoire et inspecteur pédagogique régional honoraire. Il a collaboré, notamment, au volume Pour l’histoire (collection « Grands repères culturels », Hachette Éducation, 1999).

download ebook guerre d\'algérie pdf epub

Rémi Dalisson

Cet ouvrage revient non pas sur la guerre d'Algérie (qu'on appelait pudiquement à l'époque "les événements"), il existe sur ce sujet une abondante littérature, mais bien sur la mémoire et les commémorations liés à ce conflit. Pourquoi cette mémoire reste-t-elle controversée jusqu'à nos jours? En raison des liens particuliers unissant la France à ce pays, département français depuis 1830? Peut-on et doit-on commémorer cette guerre? L'auteur apporte son éclairage sur la question en s'interrogeant et en nous interrogeant sur cette "impossible commémoration". Preuve en est, le choix par le président Hollande du 19 mars, date des accords d'Evian et du cessez-le-feu, qui a fait polémique (la guerre a continué malgré ces accords et ce pendant deux ans encore). La date du 5 décembre avait aussi été avancée, celle du 25 septembre concernant aussi les Harkis.Ces commémorations officielles de la guerre d'Algérie sont selon l'auteur un excellent moyen pour comprendre le traumatisme que furent ces combats, sa mémoire enfouie et ses non-dits dans un pays aujourd'hui en quête identitaire. Elles permettent de revenir sur le rapport entre histoire et mémoire et de mieux comprendre comment une nation se construit à travers les lectures et les perceptions de son histoire, mais aussi ses rituels commémoratifs.Tour à tour instrumentalisée ou mal perçue de la part des Français, cette mémoire est au coeur des débats actuels, comme le rappelle cet essai.

download ebook le monde romain de 70 av. j.-c. à 73 apr. j.-c. pdf epub

Yannick Clavé

Vous allez passer le Capes ou l’Agrégation ? Cet ouvrage vous permet de travailler rigoureusement la question d’histoire ancienne au programme, aussi bien du point de vue des connaissances que de la méthodologie des épreuves écrites et orales. Cet ouvrage vous propose : ■ 9 chapitres qui abordent toutes les thématiques de la question : la fin de la République et le passage au principat, le rôle fondateur d’Auguste, les étapes et les modalités de l’expansion romaine, le processus de la construction d’un empire territorial, le rôle central des élites locales, les formes de l’intégration des provinces et des cités, les dynamiques économiques et religieuses, les formes de « résistances » à Rome, etc. Chaque chapitre est structuré comme un cours universitaire, mettant en avant les connaissances fondamentales, les problématiques et les exemples. ■ Les méthodes des épreuves spécifiques au Capes et à l’Agrégation, avec des conseils très concrets et de nombreux sujets corrigés pour s’entraîner selon les exigences des jurys des concours. ■ Un ensemble d’outils de travail : chronologie, lexique, index, notices biographiques, bibliographie commentée, etc.

download ebook parliament and parliamentarism pdf epub

Pasi Ihalainen,Cornelia Ilie,Kari Palonen

Parliamentary theory, practices, discourses, and institutions constitute a distinctively European contribution to modern politics. Taking a broad historical perspective, this cross-disciplinary, innovative, and rigorous collection locates the essence of parliamentarism in four key aspects-deliberation, representation, responsibility, and sovereignty-and explores the different ways in which they have been contested, reshaped, and implemented in a series of representative national and regional case studies. As one of the first comparative studies in conceptual history, this volume focuses on debates about the nature of parliament and parliamentarism within and across different European countries, representative institutions, and genres of political discourse.

download ebook on the abolition of all political parties pdf epub

Simone Weil

An NYRB Classics Original Simone Weil—philosopher, activist, mystic—is one of the most uncompromising of modern spiritual masters. In “On the Abolition of All Political Parties” she challenges the foundation of the modern liberal political order, making an argument that has particular resonance today, when the apathy and anger of the people and the self-serving partisanship of the political class present a threat to democracies all over the world. Dissecting the dynamic of power and propaganda caused by party spirit, the increasing disregard for truth in favor of opinion, and the consequent corruption of education, journalism, and art, Weil forcefully makes the case that a true politics can only begin where party spirit ends. This volume also includes an admiring portrait of Weil by the great poet Czeslaw Milosz and an essay about Weil’s friendship with Albert Camus by the translator Simon Leys.

download ebook the coming of the terror in the french revolution pdf epub

Timothy Tackett

How did the French Revolution’s ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity descend into violence and terror? Timothy Tackett offers a new interpretation of this turning point in world history. Penetrating the mentality of Revolutionary elites on the eve of the Terror, he reveals how suspicion and mistrust escalated and helped propel their actions.

download ebook what is a nation? and other political writings pdf epub

Ernest Renan

Ernest Renan was one of the leading lights of the Parisian intellectual scene in the second half of the nineteenth century. A philologist, historian, and biblical scholar, he was a prominent voice of French liberalism and secularism. Today most familiar in the English-speaking world for his 1882 lecture “What Is a Nation?” and its definition of a nation as an “everyday plebiscite,” Renan was a major figure in the debates surrounding the Franco-Prussian War, the Paris Commune, and the birth of the Third Republic and had a profound influence on thinkers across the political spectrum who grappled with the problem of authority and social organization in the new world wrought by the forces of modernization. What Is a Nation? and Other Political Writings is the first English-language anthology of Renan’s political thought. Offering a broad selection of Renan’s writings from several periods of his public life, most previously untranslated, it restores Renan to his place as one of France’s major liberal thinkers and gives vital critical context to his views on nationalism. The anthology illuminates the characteristics that distinguished nineteenth-century French liberalism from its English and American counterparts as well as the more controversial parts of Renan’s legacy, including his analysis of colonial expansion, his views on Islam and Judaism, and the role of race in his thought. The volume contains a critical introduction to Renan’s life and work as well as detailed annotations that assist in recovering the wealth and complexity of his thought.

download ebook understanding history pdf epub

Jonathan Gorman

Has any question about the historical past ever been finally answered? Of course there is much disagreement among professional historians about what happened in the past and how to explain it. But this incisive study goes one step further and brings into question the very ability of historians to gather and communicate genuine knowledge about the past. Understanding Historyapplies this general question from the philosophy of history to economic history of American slaveholders. Do we understand the American slaveholders? Has the last word on the subject been said? Both the alleged “profitability” of slavery and the purported causes of the American Civil War are philosophically analyzed. Traditional narrative history and econometric history are examined and compared, and their different philosophical assumptions made explicit. The problem of justifying historical methodologies is first set in the wider context of the philosophical problem of knowledge, then lucidly explained and resolved along pragmatic lines. The novelty of Gorman’s approach lies in its comparison of narrative with econometric history, its analysis of empathetic understanding in terms of cost-benefit analysis, and its elucidation of the metaphysical presuppositions of empiricism. It stands out especially for the clarity, rigor, and simplicity of its arguments.

download ebook citizenship and nationhood in france and germany pdf epub

Rogers BRUBAKER

"The difference between French and German definitions of citizenship is instructive - and, for millions of immigrants from North Africa, Turkey, and Eastern Europe, decisive. Rogers Brubaker shows how this difference - between the territorial basis of the French citizenry and the German emphasis on blood descent - was shaped and sustained by sharply differing understandings of nationhood, rooted in distinctive French and German paths to nation-statehood". --Publisher.

download ebook the social sciences of quantification pdf epub

Isabelle Bruno,Florence Jany-Catrice,Beatrice Touchelay

This book details how quantification can serve both as evidence and as an instrument of government, whether when dealing with statistics on employment, occupational health and economic governance, or when developing public management or target-driven policies. In the process, it presents a thought-provoking homage to Alain Desrosières, who pioneered ways to study large numbers and the politics underlying them. It opens with a summary of Desrosières's contributions to the field in which several generations of researchers detail how this statistician and historian profoundly influenced them. This tribute, based on personal testimonies, bears witness to the vitality of the school of thought and analytical framework Desrosières initiated. Next, a collection of essays explores the statistical argument in the neoliberal era, examining issues such as counting the homeless in Europe, measuring the performance of public services, and quantifying the effects of public action on the unemployed in France. The third part details the uses of quantification. It reveals that although statistics are frequently used to the advantage of those in power, they can also play a vital role in challenging and resisting both the conventions underlying the measurements as well as the measurements themselves.Featuring the work of economists, historians, political scientists, sociologists, and statisticians, this title provides readers with a thoughtful look at an influential figure in the history of statistics. It also shows how statistics are used to direct public policy, the degree of conflict that is possible in their production, and the disputes that can develop around their uses.

download ebook on the government of the living pdf epub

M. Foucault

With these lectures Foucault inaugurates his investigations of truth-telling in the ethical domain of practices of techniques of the self. How and why, he asks, does the government of men require those subject to power to be subjects who must tell the truth about themselves?

download ebook redistricting and representation pdf epub

Thomas Brunell

Pundits have observed that if so many incumbents are returned to Congress to each election by such wide margins, perhaps we should look for ways to increase competitiveness – a centerpiece to the American way of life – through redistricting. Do competitive elections increase voter satisfaction? How does voting for a losing candidate affect voters’ attitudes toward government? The not-so-surprising conclusion is that losing voters are less satisfied with Congress and their Representative, but the implications for the way in which we draw congressional and state legislative districts are less straightforward. Redistricting and Representation argues that competition in general elections is not the sine qua non of healthy democracy, and that it in fact contributes to the low levels of approval of Congress and its members. Brunell makes the case for a radical departure from traditional approaches to redistricting – arguing that we need to "pack" districts with as many like-minded partisans as possible, maximizing the number of winning voters, not losers.

download ebook from deliberation to demonstration pdf epub

Paula Cossart

This book, at the crossroads of history and political science, reveals the transformation of political rallies in France from the last years of the Second Empire until the end of the Third Republic. Originally designed by Republicans to teach citizenship and form political opinion through open debate, rallies gradually became a stage dedicated to the show of force, at the initiative of various emerging political formations. This distortion is apparent by the turn of the twentieth century, and became even more marked in the rallies between the two world wars. Faced with this transformation, the government did not hesitate, in the second half of the 1930s, to invalidate the liberal credo that had endorsed the right of assembly since the installation of the Republic. French participatory democracy has a history that this book helps to trace.

download ebook living the french revolution, 1789-1799 pdf epub

P. McPhee

What did it mean to live through the French Revolution? This volume provides a coherent and expansive portrait of revolutionary life by exploring the lived experience of the people of France's villages and country towns, revealing how The Revolution had a dramatic impact on daily life from family relations to religious practices.

download ebook birth of the intellectuals pdf epub

Christophe Charle

Who exactly are the ‘intellectuals’? This term is so widely used today that we forget that it is a recent invention, dating from the late nineteenth century. In Birth of the Intellectuals, the renowned historian and sociologist Christophe Charle shows that the term ‘intellectuals’ first appeared at the time of the Dreyfus Affair, and the neologism originally signified a cultural and political vanguard who dared to challenge the status quo. Yet the word, expected to disappear once the political crisis had dissolved, has somehow endured. At times it describes a social group, and at others a way of seeing the social world from the perspective of universal values that challenges established hierarchies. But why did intellectuals survive when the events that gave rise to this term had faded into the past? To answer this question, it is necessary to show how the crisis of the old representations, the unprecedented expansion of the intellectual professions and the vacuum left by the decline of the traditional ruling class created favourable conditions for the collective affirmation of ‘intellectuals’. This also explains why the literary or academic avant garde traditionally reluctant to engage gradually reconciled themselves with political activists and developed new ways to intervene in the field of power outside of traditional political channels. Through a careful rereading of the petitions surrounding the Dreyfus Affair, Charle offers a radical reinterpretation of this crucial moment of European history and develops a new model for understanding the ways in which public intellectuals in France, Germany, Britain, and the United States have addressed politics ever since.

download ebook rural society and french politics pdf epub

Michael Burns

Michael Burns charts the rural impact of the two political watersheds" of fin-de-siecle France--Boulangism and the Dreyfus Affair. Broadening our understanding of the early Third Republic, he investigates its intricate village life and shows how the deindustrialization of the countryside both upset and solidified rural cultures. Originally published in 1984. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

download ebook political accountability pdf epub

Antonino Palumbo

Political accountability forms a cornerstone of modern democracy: it directs the political system towards the public interest and allows the exercise of the principles of autonomy and self-determination that lie at the core of democratic politics. Sadly, existing democracies, with their large, centralized bureaucracies, have evolved in ways that progressively undermine the ability of citizens to keep their representatives accountable and political regimes responsive. Far from reversing this trend, the neoliberal reforms introduced since the 1980s have increased that accountability gap. Globalization and the alleged passage from 'government' to 'governance' have aggravated the problem further. The notion of accountability that survives these changes is a problematic form of auditing carried out by a constellation of quangos, autonomous agencies and NGOs whose own accountability is problematic. This volume collects the main contributions to current debates on political accountability. It explores the challenges traditional conventions of accountability face today at the domestic, trans- and international levels and indicates the distinctive solutions those challenges require.

download ebook the man of forty crowns pdf epub

Voltaire

The causes of our poverty; a poverty which we hide under varnished ceilings, or with the help of our dealers in fashion. We are poor with taste. There are some officers of revenue, there are contractors or jobbers, there are merchants, very rich; their children, their sons-in-law, are also very rich, but the nation in general is unfortunately not so.