On April 20, 1814, after a dizzying series of battles, campaigns, and diplomatic intrigues, a defeated Napoleon Bonaparte made his farewell speech to the Old Guard in the courtyard of the Chateau de Fontainebleau and set off for exile on the island of Elba. Napoleonic legend asserts that the Emperor was brought down by foreign powers determined to destroy him and discredit his achievements, with the aid of highly placed domestic traitors. Others argue that once Napoleon's military defeats began in 1812, his fall became inevitable. But in fact, as Munro Price shows in this brilliant new book, Napoleon's fall could have been avoided altogether. Exploring a critical and often neglected period of Napoleonic history between 1812 and 1814, Napoleon: The End of Glory offers a more complete picture of the Emperor's decline and fall than any previous work. Price analyzes the political, military, and diplomatic events of the period, from Napoleon's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812 to the multiple failed attempts by Austria to broker peace. He illuminates the dynamic relationships between Napoleon and the wily Austrian foreign minister Metternich-whose desire for equilibrium within the European states system clashed with Napoleon's unshakeable belief in hegemony and subjection-and the charming and enigmatic Alexander I of Russia. And he explores the lasting impact of the bloody Terror of the French Revolution on Napoleon's decisions once he came to power. Rejecting the assumption that defeat was unavoidable, Price considers instead why Napoleon failed to explore a compromise peace that could have allowed him to keep his crown, arguing that the answer to this question has powerful implications for our understanding of the Napoleonic wars. Ultimately, Price provides a convincing portrait of the Emperor's decline, exposing his blindness, intransigence and miscalculations; his preference for war and his declining ability to wage it; and his nearly pathological fear of a dishonorable peace. A deeply researched study of the moment of a great man's fall, Napoleon: The End of Glory forces us to reconsider Napoleon's character, motives, and the reasons for his spectacular failure.
Napoleon: The End of Glory tells the story of the dramatic two years that led to Napoleon's abdication in April 1814. Though crucial to European history, they remain strangely neglected, lying between the two much better-known landmarks of the retreat from Moscow and the battle of Waterloo. Yet this short period saw both Napoleon's loss of his European empire, and of his control over France itself. In 1813 the massive battle of Leipzig - the bloodiest in modern history before the first day of the Somme - forced his armies back to the Rhine. The next year, after a brilliant campaign against overwhelming odds, Napoleon was forced to abdicate and exiled to Elba. He regained his throne the following year, for just a hundred days, in a doomed adventure whose defeat at Waterloo was predictable. The most fascinating - and least-known - aspect of these years is that at several key points Napoleon's enemies offered him peace terms that would have allowed him to keep his throne, if not his empire, a policy inspired by the brilliant and devious Austrian foreign minister Metternich. Napoleon: The End of Glory sheds fascinating new light on Napoleon, Metternich, and many other key figures and events in this dramatic period of European history, drawing on previously unused archives in France, Austria, and the Czech Republic. Through these it seeks to answer the most important question of all - why, instead of accepting a compromise, Napoleon chose to gamble on total victory at the risk of utter defeat?
Sent to a military school at nine, Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the French Army. But a brilliant military career wasn't enough. Soon, he had seized control of France and then he embarked upon a plan to rule all of Europe.
Two centuries after the zenith of Napoleon's career, a skilled team of military historians reassesses the Emperor's triumphs and failures. These reports cover the early victories that consolidated much of Europe under his command; his years of governance and affairs of state; his decline into reckless adventurism and defeat, abdication and exile; his astonishing return to power, his climactic defeat at the battle of Waterloo; and his death on St. Helena. Some studies focus on his tactical strengths and weaknesses, and others on his political abilities, while still others compare him with the enemies he fought, and analyze the lasting impact of his vision of life and philosophy of the state. The experts shed new-light on the age-old question; Was he a flawed genius or a tragic figure? After searching through the incredible abundance of material and perspectives here, it is up to you to maintain or review your point of view, and come to a final verdict.
Describes the life, achievements, rise to power, and influences of the military leader who crowned himself Emperor of the French and established dominance over Europe.
This sophisticated and masterful biography, written by a respected French history scholar who has taught courses on Napoleon at the University of Paris, brings new and remarkable analysis to the study of modern history's most famous general and statesman. Since boyhood, Steven Englund has been fascinated by the unique force, personality, and political significance of Napoleon Bonaparte, who, in only a decade and a half, changed the face of Europe forever. In Napoleon: A Political Life, Englund harnesses his early passion and intellectual expertise to create a rich and full interpretation of a brilliant but flawed leader. Napoleon believed that war was a means to an end, not the end itself. With this in mind, Steven Englund focuses on the political, rather than the military or personal, aspects of Napoleon's notorious and celebrated life. Doing so permits him to arrive at some original conclusions. For example, where most biographers see this subject as a Corsican patriot who at first detested France, Englund sees a young officer deeply committed to a political event, idea, and opportunity (the French Revolution) -- not to any specific nationality. Indeed, Englund dissects carefully the political use Napoleon made, both as First Consul and as Emperor of the French, of patriotism, or "nation-talk." As Englund charts Napoleon's dramatic rise and fall -- from his Corsican boyhood, his French education, his astonishing military victories and no less astonishing acts of reform as First Consul (1799-1804) to his controversial record as Emperor and, finally, to his exile and death -- he is at particular pains to explore the unprecedented power Napoleon maintained over the popular imagination. Alone among recent biographers, Englund includes a chapter that analyzes the Napoleonic legend over the course of the past two centuries, down to the present-day French Republic, which has its own profound ambivalences toward this man whom it is afraid to recognize yet cannot avoid. Napoleon: A Political Life presents new consideration of Napoleon's adolescent and adult writings, as well as a convincing argument against the recent theory that the Emperor was poisoned at St. Helena. The book also offers an explanation of Napoleon's role as father of the "modern" in politics. What finally emerges from these pages is a vivid and sympathetic portrait that combines youthful enthusiasm and mature scholarly reflection. The result is already regarded by experts as the Napoleonic bicentennial's first major interpretation of this perennial subject.
Napoleon by Emil Ludwig is one of the most acknowledged biographies of Napoleon. It is written as a novel, and became rapidly very popular when it was first publised in the 1920's. It has been republished many times since then, and is now finally available for your device as an ebook.
This Elibron Classics title is a reprint of the original edition published by Gay and Bird in London, 1907.
This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfectionssuch as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed worksworldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.++++The below data was compiled from various identification fields in the bibliographic record of this title. This data is provided as an additional tool in helping to ensure edition identification: ++++ Great Captains: A Course Of Six Lectures Showing The Influence On The Art Of War Of The Campaigns Of Alexander, Hannibal, Caesar, Gustavus Adolphus, Frederick, And Napoleon Theodore Ayrault Dodge Houghton, Mifflin, 1895 Biography & Autobiography; Military; Biography & Autobiography / Military; Military biography
From New York Times bestselling author Paul Johnson, “a very readable and entertaining biography” (The Washington Post) about one of the most important figures in modern European history: Napoleon Bonaparte In an ideal pairing of author and subject, the magisterial historian Paul Johnson offers a vivid look at the life of the strategist, general, and dictator who conquered much of Europe. Following Napoleon from the barren island of Corsica to his early training in Paris, from his meteoric victories and military dictatorship to his exile and death, Johnson examines the origins of his ferocious ambition. In Napoleon's quest for power, Johnson sees a realist unfettered by patriotism or ideology. And he recognizes Bonaparte’s violent legacy in the totalitarian regimes of the twentieth century. Napoleon is a magnificent work that bears witness to one individual's ability to work his will on history.
The definitive biography of the great soldier-statesman by the New York Times bestselling author of The Storm of War—winner of the Grand Prix of the Fondation Napoleon 2014 Austerlitz, Borodino, Waterloo: his battles are among the greatest in history, but Napoleon Bonaparte was far more than a military genius and astute leader of men. Like George Washington and his own hero Julius Caesar, he was one of the greatest soldier-statesmen of all times. Andrew Roberts’s Napoleon is the first one-volume biography to take advantage of the recent publication of Napoleon’s thirty-three thousand letters, which radically transform our understanding of his character and motivation. At last we see him as he was: protean multitasker, decisive, surprisingly willing to forgive his enemies and his errant wife Josephine. Like Churchill, he understood the strategic importance of telling his own story, and his memoirs, dictated from exile on St. Helena, became the single bestselling book of the nineteenth century. An award-winning historian, Roberts traveled to fifty-three of Napoleon’s sixty battle sites, discovered crucial new documents in archives, and even made the long trip by boat to St. Helena. He is as acute in his understanding of politics as he is of military history. Here at last is a biography worthy of its subject: magisterial, insightful, beautifully written, by one of our foremost historians.
Napoleon This book is for anyone that enjoys crucial turning points in history. Napoleon was an unremarkable man who managed to change the entire landscape of the world 200 years ago. He has been hailed as a military genius and his victories are still studied by international armed forces to this day. Inside you will read about... - The Little Corporal - Napoleon Takes Charge - The Napoleonic Code - On the Road to Empire - A Continent Under Siege - Backroom Deals and the Division of Empire - Exile and the Napoleonic Last Stand - Everyone Wants to Rule the World Through military exploit and the Napoleonic code, he was a man who came out of nowhere and changed the world. This book describes not only how he did it, but why he did it; delve into the psychology of one of the most heroic despots ever known - Napoleon Bonaparte!
With a new introduction by Andrew Roberts. 'A penetrating interpretation...No one with a serious interest in the Napoleonic period can afford to ignore it. ' - Times Literary Supplement Whether viewed as an inspired leader or obsessed tyrant, Napoleon has divided opinion for over 200 years. Few individuals have left such a mark on history. Georges Lefebvre's classic work, published in Routledge Classics in one paperback volume in English for the first time, is a definitive portrait of the Napoleonic era. Lefebvre’s history sweeps us from the lightning coup d’état of 18 Brumaire in 1799 to his final downfall amidst the wheatfields of Waterloo. More than a biography, it is a brilliant survey of the turbulent age Napoleon inaugurated in his attempt to redraw the map of Europe, from the Peninsular War to the invasion of Russia. The cast includes his antagonists – Pitt the Younger, Wellington, Metternich and Tsar Alexander – and his allies – the wily Minister of Police Fouché and Talleyrand, the ‘Prince of Diplomats’. Lefebvre’s account is equally clear-eyed about Napoleon’s genius and his flaws. Napoleon’s determination to emulate Caesar and Augustus condemned Europe to more than a decade of war and economic crisis, but he also built an empire, introducing educational, administrative and financial initiatives that are still in place today. Georges Lefebvre (1877-1959) One of the foremost historians of the Twentieth Century and known as the ‘historian’s historian’, he held the chair of the French Revolution at the Sorbonne . His The French Revolution is also available in Routledge Classics.
'Een heerlijke pageturner die iedereen zou moeten lezen.' de Volkskrant De Franse Revolutie en Napoleon: twee tot de verbeelding sprekende homerische verhalen uit de westerse geschiedenis komen samen in een bevattelijke en meeslepende vertelling. Schrijver en conferencier Bart Van Loo schetst een weergaloos portret van de man en zijn tijd. 'Wervelend, leest als een trein.' NRC Handelsblad 'De geschiedenis komt tot leven als in een roman.' De Standaard 'Een rasverteller... Narratieve geschiedenis van de boeiendste soort.' Knack
- Looks at people whose discoveries and achievements have changed the world.
In de ogen van veel Fransen is hij nog altijd de grootste veldheer aller tijden en de man die van Frankrijk een modern land maakte. Daarbuiten wordt hij dikwijls gezien als een brute veroveraar en tiran, een totalitair heerser, een Hitler avant la lettre. Napoleon Bonaparte, de zoon van een Corsicaanse advocaat die het tot keizer van een immens rijk schopte, is nog altijd het onderwerp van vele mythes positieve en negatieve. In deze handzame en uiterst leesbare biografie ontdoet Alan Forrest Napoleon van alle mysterie. Hij laat zien onder welke omstandigheden Napoleon aan de macht kon komen, en dat zijn successen niet alleen gebaseerd waren op zijn militaire kwaliteiten maar ook op het feit dat hij zijn eigen briljante spindoctor was. Hij beschrijft hoe het Franse keizerrijk niet alleen het werk was van Napoleon, maar ook van duizenden officieren, bestuurders, juristen en leraren, die door hem geïnspireerd werden. Forrest toont ons een Napoleon die opgroeide met de idealen van de Verlichting en de Franse Revolutie. Door de ineenstorting van het ancien régime kreeg hij kansen die hij anders nooit gehad zou hebben, en hij maakte daar optimaal gebruik van. Daarbij creëerde hij een nieuwe staat en een nieuwe manier van politiek bedrijven, die tot op de dag van vandaag invloed hebben.
The year 2003 marks the 200th anniversary of the Coronation of Napoleon, the military and political genius who rose from the ashes of the French Revolution to become the most charismatic and dominant leader since Alexander the Great. Lavishly illustrated, this volume includes rare and previously unpublished material, not only on Napoleon's stunning military victories but also on his astonishing innovations in government, introducing a powerful national bank, a well-organized code of law, universal education, an efficient civil service, public museums and more. Highlights of Napoleon's meteroic career and passionate romances with Josephine and other beautiful aristocratic women are recalled in more than 300 reproductions, including masterpieces by Jacques-Louis David (Napoleon's official court painter), through Jean-Louis Messonier and, in our own time, Larry Rivers. No previously published biography of Napoleon can compete with the combination of scholarship and elegant presentation that this book offers.
This is the first life of Napoleon, in any language, that makes full use of the new version of his Correspondence compiled by the Fondation Napolon in Paris to replace the sanitized compilation made under the Second French Empire as a propaganda exercise by his nephew, Napoleon III. All previous lives of Napoleon have relied more on the memoirs of others than on his own uncensored words. Michael Broers' biography draws on the thoughts of Napoleon himself as his incomparable life unfolded. It reveals a man of intense emotion, but also of iron self-discipline; of acute intelligence and immeasurable energy. Tracing his life from its dangerous Corsican roots, through his rejection of his early identity, and the dangerous military encounters of his early career, it tells the story of the sheer determination, ruthlessness and careful calculation that won him the precarious mastery of Europe by 1807. After the epic battles of Austerlitz, Jena and Friedland, France was the dominant land power on the continent. Here is the first life in which Napoleon speaks in his own voice, but not always as he wanted the world to hear him.