Dictionaries are didactic books used as consultation instruments for self-teaching. They are composed by an ordered set of linguistic units which reflects a double structure, the macrostructure which correspond to the word list and the microstructure that refers to the contents of each lemma. The great value of dictionaries nests in the fact that they establish a standard nomenclature and prevent in that way the appearance of new useless synonyms. This dictionary contains a total of about 27.500 main English entries, and over of 130.000 translations that should normally sufficiently cover all fields of life sciences. The basic criteria used to accept a word a part of the dictionary during the development period in order of importance were usage, up-to-dateness, specificity, simplicity and conceptual relationships. The dictionary meets the standards of higher education and covers all main fields of life sciences by setting its primary focus on the vastly developing fields of cell biology, biochemistry, molecular biology, immunology, developmental biology, microbiology, genetics and also the fields of human anatomy, histology, pathology, physiology, zoology and botany. The fields of ecology, paleontology, systematics, evolution, biostatistics, plant physiology, plant anatomy, plant histology, biometry and lab techniques have been sufficiently covered but in a more general manner. The latest Latin international anatomical terminology "Terminologia Anatomica" or "TA" has been fully incorporated and all anatomical entries have been given their international Latin TA synonym. This dictionary will be a valuable and helpful tool for all scientists, teachers, students and generally all those that work within the fields of life sciences.
L'opera descrive in maniera semplice e chiara l'occhio, il suo sviluppo, i suoi difetti e le sue malattie. Presenta l'igiene oculare, la protezione dalle radiazioni tossiche e spiega come usare le lenti a contatto e gli occhiali da sole. Il volume offre anche un panorama degli interventi laser e chirurgici di maggior diffusione, che consentirà al paziente che si deve fare operare di capire meglio l'atto operatorio e il decorso postoperatorio.
Negli ultimi due decenni la ricerca neurologica italiana ha avuto un notevole sviluppo contribuendo considerevolmente alla crescita culturale della Neurologia mondiale. Il Manuale è stato scritto dai neurologi dell’Università Sapienza di Roma, esperti nei diversi settori della Neurologia. Particolare attenzione è stata dedicata agli aspetti diagnostici, clinici e terapeutici delle diverse malattie neurologiche segnalando anche i recenti avanzamenti scientifici. I curatori hanno favorito la coerenza stilistica e l’uniformità nell’approccio alla materia con lo scopo di fornire uno strumento di conoscenza e di consultazione agile ed efficace. Il volume è costituito da 32 capitoli (su argomenti di Neurologia, Neuroradiologia e Neurochirurgia), compresi un capitolo sulla Neuroriabilitazione, uno sulla Neurologia Infantile e uno sui Principi di Psichiatria. Riteniamo che gli ultimi tre capitoli, pur nella loro diversità, siano essenziali per una migliore e completa conoscenza della Neurologia. Il Manuale resta, comunque, uno strumento utile essenzialmente allo studente di Medicina, compresi gli studenti delle Professioni sanitarie. Il massimo spazio è stato dedicato, infatti, ai sintomi di possibile origine neurologica che si incontrano nella pratica clinica generale ed alle patologie neurologiche che il clinico dovrebbe conoscere. Desideriamo ringraziare per la loro dedizione e professionalità tutti gli Autori che han- no contribuito alla stesura del manuale. Sentiamo di voler rivolgere un ringraziamento particolare al Prof. Mario Manfredi per aver contribuito con la stesura del capitolo sui Nervi cranici e per averci concesso la possibilità di utilizzare molte delle illustrazioni presenti nel suo celebre volume di Neurologia. Il manuale “La Neurologia della Sapienza” non è un punto di arrivo, ma di partenza. Il nostro intento è di aggiornare e rendere sempre più completo il volume con successive edizioni. La ricerca, infatti, va avanti e in questa II Edizione sono stati aggiornati la quasi totalità dei capitoli, a dimostrazione della vitalità della comunità scientifica neurologica e della necessità di un aggiornamento costante per clinici e studenti.
Questa edizione vede la luce dopo 10 anni dalla precedente. Nel decennio trascorso la clinica neurologica si è arricchita di conoscenze grazie soprattutto alla diagnostica per immagini e alla genetica molecolare. I progressi della neuro-radiologia consentono di diagnosticare entità anatomocliniche prima sconosciute, come i cavernomi, le fistole artero-venose spinale durali, le dissezioni delle arterie cervico-encefaliche e l’ipotensione endocranica idiopatica. È anche possibile scoprire lesioni epilettogene suscettibili di trattamento chirurgico (come le displasie corticali e i tumori disembriogenetici) e diagnosticare la sclerosi multipla in fase molto precoce (aprendo la strada alla terapia preventiva della disabilità). La genetica molecolare ha permesso di ri-classificare molte malattie eredo-degenerative, come le atassie cerebellari, le paraparesi spastiche, le neuropatie e le distrofie muscolari. Ai progressi della genetica si deve anche la scrittura di un nuovo capitolo, quello delle “Canalopatie neuronali e muscolari”, in cui sono confluite entità diverse, un tempo disseminate in vari capitoli della neurologia (epilessie, atassie, miopatie con miotonia e paralisi periodiche). Riguardo alla terapia, non sono state scoperte nuove categorie di farmaci, ma la “medicina basata sulle prove” (EBM) ci ha insegnato ad usare meglio quelli già noti per curare le più comuni malattie neurologiche, come i triptani nell’emicrania, gli anti-epilettici nell’epilessia e nel dolore neuropatico, i dopaminergici nella M. di Parkinson, gli immuno-modulatori nella sclerosi multipla, gli anti-colinoesterasici centrali nella demenza, gli anti-aggreganti e gli anti-coagulanti nelle malattie cerebro- vascolari, la plasmaferesi e le immuno-globuline endovena nelle neuropatie autoimmuni.
Come sconfiggere l'ambliopia del tuo bambino. Consigli, esperienze e indicazioni pratiche per "svegliare" l'occhio pigro.
When the Board of Directors of the Belgian Ophthalmological Soci ety, in its session of November 26th 1978, asked me to prepare a report on strabismus to be presented at the joint meeting of the Dutch and Belgian Ophthalmological Societies to be held on June 13th 1981, I felt greatly honored but still more overwhelmed by the immensity of the task. I took advantage of the complete liberty given to me by the Board of Directors, first to limit the work to one particular form of strabismus, i.e. the convergent comitant form; second, to seek the help of what I thought to be the best strabologists in the Low Countries; third, to aim not at an encyclopedic treatise but at a practical volume destined to the general ophthalmologist. This volume is thus limited to the various aspects of convergent strabismus, more accurately of comitant convergent strabismus. The omission of the word" comitant" is purposely made to avoid the dif fic'ulties accompanying the explanation of this term and all the acroba tics needed to explain that most comitant strabismus are not complete ly comitant. The choice of this particular form of strabismus seems logical. First of all, it is the most common form of strabismus. On the other hand, most principles concerning examination and treatment can with some modifications be applied to other forms of strabismus.
New chapters, new editors and contributors make Taylor and Hoyt's Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 5th Edition, the most current and complete reference available in this evolving field. Editors Scott R. Lambert and Christopher J. Lyons, both globally recognized leaders, provide authoritative coverage of all the pediatric ophthalmic conditions you’re likely to encounter in practice, including the latest clinical advances in etiology, diagnosis, and medical and surgical management. Expert guidance on the complete spectrum of childhood eye disorders and strabismus, including a unique "practical problems" section designed to help you handle difficult patient situations. More than 1,800 high-quality images and artworks provide visual guidance in diagnosis and management. A practical "how to" perform strabismus surgery chapter with extensive step-by-step artworks for complete visual guidance. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Comprehensive updates of all topics, with nine brand-new chapters covering significant advances in the management of refractive errors in children; binocular vision; conjunctival tumors; optimal approaches to patient-family communication, and a unique chapter on the impact of mobile apps for the pediatric ophthalmologist. State-of-the-art coverage of key areas such as OCT and all of the newest imaging techniques for the eye, orbit and visual pathways; anti-VEGF treatment for retinopathy of prematurity; and minimally invasive strabismus surgery.
This authoritative handbook presents current ideas on the relationship between spoken and written language difficulties. It provides clinical and educational perspectives on the assessment and management of children's reading and spelling problems. The book begins with a theoretical overview. The second edition continues the theme of linking theory and practice. It is aimed at practitioners in the fields of education, speech and language therapy, and psychology. All original chapters have been updated and new chapters are added to reflect current developments.
Metabolomics and Microbiomics: Personalized Medicine from the Fetus to the Adult encompasses the most recent advances on the usage of metabolomics and microbiome research to improve disease diagnosis and healthcare. Medicine is changing from epidemiologic, descriptive, reductionist, and reactive approaches to individualized, predictive, and holistic ones by applying microbiomics to understand the functionality of the human body. The book discusses topics such as systems biology approaches, omics technologies, perinatal programming, and personalized medicine. It also discusses the ethical implications of microbiomics research and new pathways of research, such as renal regenerative medicine, gender medicine in perinatology, and animals and the science of healing. The book is a valuable resource for medical professionals and researchers in metabolomics, nutrition, microbiology, and personalized-predictive medicine. The book also will appeal to non-specialized professionals who may take advantage of its captivating and simple language. Covers the latest scientific discoveries in order to improve health and early diagnosis of diseases Brings a holistic and perinatal programming approach—from fetus to adulthood—to early and long-term prevention of diseases Provides illustrations and diagrams to facilitate understanding for readers Discusses the ethical implications of microbiomics research and new pathways of research, such as renal regenerative medicine, gender medicine in perinatology, and animals and the science of healing
Learn the evidence behind both new and tried-and-true best practices for training. Ruth Clark connects research to practice and offers concrete training guidance in this second edition of Evidence-Based Training Methods. With this book as your guide, you can incorporate evidence and learning psychology into your program design, development, and delivery decisions. This book covers: research behind the limits of the human memory, the value of graphics, balancing activity with learning—and how to apply it to training practicesthe power of examples, practice, and feedbackbrand-new material on scenario-based learning and games.Whether you're a classroom instructor, developer of training materials, training manager, or designer of any form of learning, you’ll find your training will be vastly more effective when you base your methods on evidence.
This monograph has been written for clinicians who are involved in the management of the dizzy patient and for scientists with a particular interest in the multi-sensorimotor mechan isms that subserve spatial orientation, motion perception, and ocular motor and postural con trol. Special emphasis has been put on making the correct diagnosis, and detailed recommendations have been given for specific treatments. The second edition has resulted in an almost completely new book due to the dramatic expansion in the 1990s of our understanding of vestibular function and dis orders. A few rele vant examples include the novel concept of canalolithiasis, as opposed to cupulolithiasis, both of which are established causes of typical posterior and horizontal canal benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo; familial episodic ataxia land II have been identified as inherited chan nelopathies; otolithic syndromes were recognized as a variety separate from semicircular canal syndromes; several new central vestibular syndromes have been described, localized, and attributed to vestibular pathways and centres; a new classification based on the three major planes of action of the vestibulo-ocular reflex is available for central vestibular syn dromes; and the mystery of the location and function of the multisensory vestibular cortex is slowly being unravelled. This book differs from other clinical textbooks in that it is not divided into two parts: anatomy and physiology, on the one hand, and disorders, on the other.
This volume presents the latest trends in the management of pediatric cataract. It covers everything from the role of genetic and systemic work-up to the state of the art in surgery. Discussions include ocular modifications after surgery, the incidence and risk factors of post-surgery complications, and the management of complex cases. There is a chapter dedicated to post-aphakic glaucoma, a new insight to visual rehabilitation, and a summary of a recently published Delphi project. Pediatric ophthalmologists looking for the latest research in the management of cataract will find this publication to be invaluable reading. It will also be useful to general ophthalmologists, residents, and fellows, as well as to medical students and pediatricians who seek an update for daily clinical practice.
Between the Acts is the final novel by Virginia Woolf, published in 1941 shortly after her suicide. This is a book laden with hidden meaning and allusion. It describes the mounting, performance, and audience of a festival play (hence the title) in a small English village just before the outbreak of the Second World War. Much of it looks forward to the war, with veiled allusions to connection with the continent by flight, swallows representing aircraft, and plunging into darkness. The pageant is a play within a play, representing a rather cynical view of English history. Woolf links together many different threads and ideas - a particularly interesting technique being the use of rhyme words to suggest hidden meanings. Relationships between the characters and aspects of their personalities are explored. The English village bonds throughout the play through their differences and similarities. Adeline Virginia Woolf (1882–1941) was an English writer who is considered one of the foremost modernists of the twentieth century and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device.
Stoichita's compelling account untangles the history of one of the most enduring challenges to beset Western art - the depiction and meanings of shadows. "discriminating, inspired interrogation ... dazzling analysis"—Marina Warner, Tate Magazine "Ambitious and a pleasure to read ... a thoroughly worthwhile book."—Times Higher Education Supplement
Physicians caring for children with rheumatic disease need a varied and highly developed set of clinical skills, including general pediatrics, immunology, musculoskeletal medicine and the management of chronic diseases. With these requirements in mind, the authors of this concise handbook emphasize the most frequently recognized symptom complexes in children. Their initial focus is on musculokeletal diseases that may have multi-organ involvement. They then discuss systemic lupus erythematosis, vasculitis, scleroderma and other auto-inflammatory diseases. Concise text is supported by a wealth of photos and tables. The book is of use to all young doctors/residents in pediatrics, rheumatology and general medicine, to primary care physicians, and all those in related health disciplines caring for children with rheumatic disease.
Election is a foundational doctrine. In the past, many of the ablest teachers were accustomed to commence their systematic theology with a presentation of the attributes of God, and then a contemplation of His eternal decrees; and it is our studied conviction, after perusing the writings of many of our moderns, that the method followed by their predecessors cannot be improved upon.
In this second English-language edition, existing chapters have been completely revised and new chapters added. The number of illustrations has been expanded and new terminolo- gy included. The novel how-to approach emphasizes basic principles that will help experienced as well as beginning eye surgeons master the unexpected.