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Nathaniel Hawthorne

A New York Times Bestseller An Oprah's Book Club Selection A Nobel Prize-winning AuthorIn the sixty years since this remarkable novel won the Pulitzer Prize, it has become one of the great modern classics. In it, Pearl Buck portrays a China when the last emperor reigned and the vast political and social upheavals of the twentieth century were but distant rumblings. This moving story of the honest farmer Wang Lung and his selfless wife O-lan illuminates the sweeping changes that have occurred in the lives of the Chinese people during this century.

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Nathaniel Hawthorne

The Scarlet Letter: A Romance is an 1850 work of fiction in a historical setting, written by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne. The book is considered to be his "masterwork". Set in 17th-century Puritan Boston, Massachusetts, during the years 1642 to 1649, it tells the story of Hester Prynne, who conceives a daughter through an affair and struggles to create a new life of repentance and dignity. Throughout the book, Hawthorne explores themes of legalism, sin, and guilt.

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Joseph Cowley

Nathaniel Hawthorne was born at Salem, Mass., on July 4th, 1804. He led a shy and rather somber life with little encouragement to write, yet not wholly uncongenial in view of his temperament. His life is reflected in his “Twice-Told Tales” and other short stories, the product of his first literary period. In these stories, his understanding of men and women was displayed with great subtlety. He was forty-six years old when “The Scarlet Letter” appeared. It is considered his best work, and is a good demonstration of his unique and imaginative mind. In 1850, the year “The Scarlet Letter” appeared, he began “The House of the Seven Gables,” a later romance or prose-tragedy of the Puritan-America as he knew it – missing art and the joy of life.

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Elmer Kennedy-Andrews

Gives an account and a sampling of varied interpretations of Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter," encompassing moral and historical criticism, New Criticism, archetypal and myth criticism, psychoanalytical and feminist criticism, and linguistic and semioticcriticism.

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Sara Sheldon

A guide to reading "The Scarlet Letter" with a critical and appreciative mind encouraging analysis of plot, style, form, and structure. Also includes background on the author's life and times, sample tests, term paper suggestions, and a reading list.

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Kimberly Free Muirhead

This book provides a selectively comprehensive and cross-referenced record of the enormous body of scholarship on The Scarlet Letter from 1950 to 2000, as well as an introductory overview of the major patterns and trends in the critical interpretations of the novel. Designed for both new and seasoned readers/critics, the four-part study can be used in two ways: as a chronological record and historical survey of the development of ideas in criticism over five decades, and as a reference guide that can be accessed through the Author, Subject, and Critical Approach Indexes. Part I provides a chronological, annotated listing of the most frequently anthologized Early Reviews of the novel. Part II offers full citations for Early Influential Criticism [Pre-1950] and is comprised of forty-one landmark commentaries that appeared between 1850 and 1950. Part III, which makes up the bulk of the project and begins with the year 1950, presents a comprehensive annotated bibliography of Scarlet Letter criticism that includes books, articles, special critical editions, collections of criticism, general student introductions and help books, teaching aids and guides, and biographies. critical editions, collections of criticism, general student introductions to the novel, teaching aids and guides, bibliographies, and biographies.

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Gary Scharnhorst

The collection of documents in this volume silhouettes the ebbs and crests of Hawthorne's literary reputation and the elevation of his first and best-known romance to the rank of masterpiece and classic. Among the early documents reprinted are contemporary news accounts of Hawthorne's dismissal from the Salem Custom House in June 1849, the publisher James T. Fields's anecdotal version of the book's composition history, and a generous sheaf of notices from both American and British newspapers upon its publication in March 1850. Prominent among modern critics whose essays appear are Neal Frank Doubleday, Darrel Abel, and Nina Baym. Also included is a selected bibliography of modern scholarship.

download ebook nathaniel hawthorne, the scarlet letter pdf epub

Elmer Kennedy-Andrews

Gives an account and a sampling of varied interpretations of Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter," encompassing moral and historical criticism, New Criticism, archetypal and myth criticism, psychoanalytical and feminist criticism, and linguistic and semioticcriticism.

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Gale, Cengage Learning

A Study Guide for Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter," excerpted from Gale's acclaimed Novels for Students.This concise study guide includes plot summary; character analysis; author biography; study questions; historical context; suggestions for further reading; and much more. For any literature project, trust Novels for Students for all of your research needs.

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Lacey Kohlmoos

ABOUT THE BOOK I was in sixth grade the first time I read The Scarlet Letter and I didn’t get it. Sure, I may have been a little young to delve into a scandalous gothic romance about sin and guilt, but I was an overachiever with a teacher who liked to challenge me. I slogged through this first reading of the literary masterpiece without understanding the love story or any of the symbolism for which Hawthorne is famous. Upon reading the last haunting words, I slammed the book shut, looked at my mom and said, “Is that it?” My mom had loved The Scarlet Letter when she read it in high school. She gushed about romance and tragedy, and told me about her friend who read ahead because she couldn’t stand not knowing the identity of Pearl’s father. Perhaps I come from a more cynical generation, but it was pretty obvious to me at the age of 11 who Hester hooked up with – the only major male character who wasn’t old. Duh! When I read The Scarlet Letter again as a slightly wiser 16-year-old, however, I discovered what my mom really meant by “romantic.” This was a seriously sexy book. Once I gained a better understanding of Hawthorne’s prose, my raging hormones picked up on all the sex references – of which there are many. In English class we focused on the meaning of sin and what exactly that letter “A” symbolizes, but what my classmates and I talked about at lunch was how scandalous it was that Hester had sex with a minister. Re-examining The Scarlet Letter as a college women studies major, I saw the text as a scathing condemnation of the double standard regarding sex. We all know what this means – promiscuous girls are sluts, while promiscuous guys are studs. Perhaps Hawthorne was merely commenting on stigma and hypocrisy, but I found myself applauding his insights into the female condition. So what is The Scarlet Letter? A not too mysterious mystery? A scandalously sexy romance? A commentary on societal norms? To me, it is all of the above. MEET THE AUTHOR Lacey is a writer, traveler and lover of the arts. After graduating from the University of Virginia with a BA in Drama & the Studies of Women and Gender, the only thing she knew for sure was that she wanted to travel. So, she embarked on a 10 1⁄2 month round-the-world trip. Lacey then traveled to Costa Rica where she spent one year teaching elementary school English in a small mountain town. Throughout her two years of travels, she has always kept a blog. In 2009, Lacey earned her MA in International Development and began working for the National Democratic Institute where she became the Citizen Participation Team’s primary writer. After living and traveling in 26 different countries, she has settled down for awhile in Leadville, CO where she spends my days skiing, hiking, taking pictures and writing. Lacey loves writing about travel, gender issues, international development and the arts. EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK Nathaniel Hawthorne was a patriotic baby born in Salem, Massachusetts on July 4, 1804. When Hawthorne was just four years old, his father died of yellow fever while captaining a ship off the coast of Suriname. This led his mother to move young Hawthorne and his sisters to the Manning House on Herbert Street, which Hawthorne always referred to as “Castle Dismal.” Hawthorne’s uncles sent him to Bowdoin College in 1821, and despite some typically wild college behavior, he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1825. While at Bowdoin, Hawthorne became close friends with Horatio Bridge and future U.S. President Franklin Pierce – both of whom later provided financial and moral support for his writing. Following college, Hawthorne floated from job to job, never taking up a profession because he knew that he wanted to be a writer. Despite this, his attempts at writing were largely unsuccessful. Buy a copy to keep reading!

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Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1, 0, University of Frankfurt (Main), language: English, abstract: In discussions about Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter much attention has been given to the question what the “A”, which the sinful heroine Hester Prynne was ordered by the magistrates of the Puritan society to wear on her bosom, means. Scholars like Michael Pringle have concluded that the emblem of sin can be interpreted in manifold ways, from A for “adulteress” to A for “angel”. This diagnosis indicates that the meaning of the symbol A changes during the course of the plot. However, not so much attention has been given to that process of change and to the symbol as a strong instrument of power to determine social discourse. This study will deal with the question of symbolic power in The Scarlet Letter, or, to be more precise: How does Hester change the meaning of the A, which originally has been forced upon her to stigmatize her clearly as sinner and in this way to exclude her from the rest of the society, in such a manner to her own benefit that it is turned upside down? What does that imply for the power-relationship between sinful individual and patriarchal society? Since the different actors (Hester, magistrates, common people) develop different attitudes towards the symbol, every single view must be analyzed individually to hint at least roughly at the diverse readings of the letter. Particularly, Hester's illegitimate daughter Pearl as the “living symbol” of her sin is an important part of the analysis, because she – by her own reading of the letter – serves throughout the novel as a reminder of sin and guilt. One major question that follows is whether Pearl replaces the original function of the letter and thus restrains the symbolic power Hester gains by changing the meaning of the A. Method: The first part should deal with the definition of symbols in their cultural respect which was given by Frauke Berndt and Heinz Drügh (2009) and very briefly with the theoretical concept of symbolic power which has been formulated by the French philosopher and sociologist Pierre Bourdieu (1930-2002). His ideas can be made fruitful for this study, because he has concentrated especially on symbols as a kind of social power that operates softly on a subtle level. This is – and remains to be shown in this study – also evident in The Scarlet Letter.

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Stefanie Holzmann

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2014 im Fachbereich Anglistik - Literatur, Note: 2, Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (Angelistik), Veranstaltung: "Spin-Off, Mash-Up and Rewrite: Literary Recycling", Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: This paper will center on the question if Christopher Bigsby’s novel "Hester" pays homage to Hawthorne’s "The Scarlet Letter" or not. It will also examine if the here mentioned text can be seen as a recycled literature, a spin off or a rewrite. "The Scarlett Letter" is a text which has always enjoyed a considerable amount of attention and significance in literary circles and by an extensive range of authors. It has been rewritten a large number of times and several authors have attempted to expand or offer their own version of the tale presented by Hawthorne. "The Scarlett Letter" enjoys such a position in literature that several authors have attempted to explore and contribute to it in their own, creative and special way. Christopher Bigsby’s "Hester" also falls under the category of the works which have utilized Hawthorne’s text to offer other versions, extensions or explanations. The just mentioned novel by Christopher Bigsby serves as a background explanation of the lives and actions of the characters in "The Scarlett Letter", especially Hester Prynne. This all happens in reflection prior to the events and points in time depicted in Hawthorne’s novel.

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Nathaniel Hawthorne

Nathaniel Hawthorne is described as the Shakespeare of American Literature. His novels and stories are mostly set in Puritan New England and are often dark, exposing the psychological complexity and evil within humanity. His literature contains layers of allegory which deepen and enrich the stories. This book contains three novel and three collections of Hawthorne's short stories. The novels are: The Scarlet Letter features the first heroine in American literature, a woman shunned for adultery who draws on her inner strength and resolve, unlike her male counterpoint who is divided and trapped by society. The House of the Seven Gables is a romance, but not very romantic, a study of the residents of the house who are pitifully poor and their endeavours to survive. It is one of Hawthorne's few books with a happy ending. The Blithedale Romance features three people caught in a love triangle: Hollingsworth, the Puritan, Zenobia, the suffragist and Priscilla, distant and aloof. A novel of depth and beauty and intrigue.

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Janusz Semrau

The book is a collection of critical essays on Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter (1850). The interpretations deal with its main characters, «The Custom-House», the Spanish sailors, the Book of Revelations, and the artist as adulterer. The authors apply different critical tools such as allegory or hermeneutical exposition.

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Melissa McFarland Pennell

This annotated edition of The Scarlet Letter enhances student and reader comprehension of a standard work studied in literature classes, exploring names, places, objects, and allusions. • Makes the novel more easily understandable for a 21st-century audience • Provides annotations that identify historical events, persons, and objects as well as allusions to the Bible and other texts familiar to Hawthorne's contemporaries • Presents an account of Hawthorne's life and career that helps to explain his interest in the past, including his family's connections to significant events in colonial Massachusetts, some of which caused Hawthorne to see the past as a source of guilt • Explores Hawthorne's research into colonial New England and 17th-century England that allowed him to create the context for his characters and to suggest underlying connections between colonial New Englanders and their former home